FIN622- Corporate Finance (Session – 4)
Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Following are amongst the three main areas of Finance EXCEPT:
► Financial institutions
► Financial management
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which one of the following is an offering in which the shares of a company are offered to a limited number of investors?
► Initial Public Offering
► Private Placement
► Direct Public Offering
► Primary Offering
Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
If you want to earn 8 percent, approximately how much should you pay for a security which matures in one year at Rs. 1,000?
► Rs. 1,080
► Rs. 940
► Rs. 920
► Rs. 926
Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
When the market’s nominal annual required rate of return for a particular bond is less than its coupon rate, the bond will be selling at which of the following?
► At discount
► At premium
► At par value
► At indeterminate price
Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following terms refers to the process of systematic investigation of the effects on estimates or outcomes of changes in data or parameter inputs or assumptions to evaluate a capital project?
► Sensitivity Analysis
► Fundamental Analysis
► Technical Analysis
► Trend Analysis
Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
For a firm with a Degree of Operating Leverage of 3.5, an increase in sales of 6% will:
► Increase pre-tax profits by 3.5%
► Decrease pre-tax profits by 3.5%.
► Increase pre-tax profits by 21.0%.
► Increase pre-tax profits by 1.71%.
Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The percentage change in a firm’s operating profit (EBIT) resulting from a 1% change in output (sales) is known as the ________.
► Degree of operating leverage
► Degree of profit leverage
► Degree of total leverage
► Degree of financial leverage
Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Suppose a stock is selling today for Rs.60 per share. At the end of the year, it pays a dividend of Rs.2.00 per share and sells for Rs.66.00. what is the capital gain yield on the stock?
Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following is considered as a risk free financial asset?
► Government T-bills
► Junk bonds
► Preferred stock
► Secured bonds
Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
If the common stocks of a company have beta value less than 1, then such stocks refer to which of the following?
► Normal stocks
► Aggressive stocks
► Defensive stocks
► Income stocks
Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following is known as market portfolio?
► A portfolio consists of all risk free securities available in the market
► A portfolio consists of securities of the same industry
► A portfolio consists of all aggressive securities available in the market
► A portfolio consists of all securities available in the market
Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
What will be the risk premium if the market portfolio has an expected return of 10% and the risk free rate is 4%?
Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following statements is true regarding Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)?
► WACC of a levered firm is greater than that of an un-levered firm
► WACC of a levered firm is lesser than that of an un-levered firm
► WACC of a levered firm is equal to that of an un-levered firm
► An Un-levered firm has zero WACC.
Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
XYZ Airlines will pay a Rs.4.00 dividend next year on its common stock, which is currently selling at Rs.100 per share. What is the market’s required return on this investment if the dividend is expected to grow at 5% forever?
Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A Pure Play method of selecting a discount rate is most suitable in which of the following situations?
► When the intended investment project has a Non-conventional stream of cash flows
► When the intended investment project is a replacement project
► When the intended investment project belongs to industry other than the firms operating in
► When the intended investment project has a conventional stream of cash flows
Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
A Levered firm has a lower weighted average cost of capital as compare to an Un-levered firm because of which of the following?
► Interest tax shield
► Low level of financial risk
► Low level of business risk
► Low level of systematic risk
Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
ABC Corporation declared 10% dividend on its shares. A person purchased some shares of this corporation after the dividend was announced. If he is entitled to receive the declared dividend, his shares would be categorized as which of the following?
► Stock- Dividend
► Cash Dividend
Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following is a dividend that is paid in the form of additional shares, rather than a cash payout?
► Stock Dividend
► Cum Dividend
► Ex Dividend
► Extra Dividend
Question No: 19 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following firms would have the highest financial leverage?
► A firm having debt-to-equity ratio of 30:70
► A firm having debt-to-equity ratio of 40:60
► A firm having debt-to-equity ratio of 50:50
► A firm having debt-to-equity ratio of 60:40
Question No: 20 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following is the principal advantage of high debt financing?
► Tax savings
► Low Bankruptcy costs
► Minimum financial risk
► Low financial leverage
Question No: 21 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following is a proposition of Miller and Modigliani theory of Capital structure?
► Value of a firm is independent of its capital structure
► Value of a firm is independent of its level of debt
► Value of a firm is dependent of its cost of capital
► Value of a firm is independent on its level of equity finances
Question No: 22 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following is a disadvantage of Capital Asset Pricing Model?
► It considers market risk
► It can be used for listed companies
► It can be used for non-listed companies
► It is based on past data
Question No: 23 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following shows the reward to risk ratio of a Security A?
► Expected return of A (rA) – risk free return / beta of A
► Expected return of A (rA) – risk free return / required return of A
► Expected return of A (rA) – beta of A / risk free return
► Risk free return – expected return of A (rA)/ beta of A
Question No: 24 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
In Capital Assets Pricing Model, which of the following shows time value of money?
► Beta of the security
► Risk free rate of return
► Risk premium
► Market rate of return
Question No: 25 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding Balance Sheet of a firm?
► It reports how much of the firm’s earnings were retained in the business rather than paid out in dividends.
► It reports the impact of a firm’s operating, investing, and financing activities on cash flows over an accounting period.
► It shows the firm’s financial position at a specific point in time.
► It summarizes the firm’s revenues and expenses over an accounting period.
Question No: 26 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Suppose that a corporation of which you are a shareholder has just gone bankrupt. Its liabilities are far in excess of its assets. How much of your investment would you get back?
► A proportionate share of bondholder claims based on the number of common shares that you own
► A proportional share of all creditor claims based on the number of common shares that you own
► An amount that could, at most, equal what you originally paid for the shares of common stock in the corporation
► Nothing at all
Question No: 27 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The gross profit margin is unchanged, but the net profit margin declined over same period. This could have happened due to which one of the following reasons?
► Cost of goods sold increased relative to sales
► Sales increased relative to expenses
► The tax rate has been increased
► Dividends were decreased
Question No: 28 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Palo Alto Industries has a debt-to-equity ratio of 1.6 compared with the industry average of 1.4. What do these ratios tell about this company?
► The company will be viewed as having high creditworthiness
► The company has greater than average financial risk when compared to other firms in its industry
► The company will not experience any difficulty with its creditors
► The company has less liquidity than other firms in the industry
Question No: 29 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
If a creditor wants to know about the bill payment status of a potential customer, the creditor could look at which one of the following ratios?
► Current ratio
► Acid ratio
► Average age of accounts payable
► Average age of accounts receivable
Question No: 30 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Suppose you invested Rs. 8,000 in a savings account paying 5 percent interest a year, compounded annually. How much amount your account will have at the end the end of four years?
Question No: 31 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
The present value of Rs.100 per year received for 10 years discounted at 8 percent is closest to which of the following amounts?
Question No: 32 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
How many years will it take for Rs.152,000 to grow to be Rs. 405,000 if it is invested in an account with an annual interest rate of 10%?
► Cannot be calculated from the given data
Question No: 33 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following types of bonds pays no annual interest to the holder, but is sold at discount below the par value?
► An original maturity bond
► A floating rate bond
► A fixed maturity date bond
► A zero coupon bond
Question No: 34 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following is a financial asset?
► A building
Question No: 35 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
An investor buys a bond that will pay the interest amount of Rs.60 annually, forever. Which of the following would be the present value of the bond if there is exactly one year remaining until the next interest payment and the investor’s required annual return is 5 percent?
► Rs. 1,200
► Rs. 800
► Rs. 600
► Rs. 1,000
Question No: 36 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
How much should you pay for a bond with Rs.1,000 face value, a 10 percent coupon rate, and seven years to maturity if your appropriate discount rate is 8 percent and interest is paid annually? (Answers are rounded to the nearest dollar)
Question No: 37 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
If a bond sells at a high premium, then which of the following relationships holds true? (P represents the price of a bond and YTM is the bond’s yield to maturity.)
► P < par and YTM < the coupon rate.
► P < par and YTM > the coupon rate.
► P > par and YTM > the coupon rate.
► P > par and YTM < the coupon rate.
Question No: 38 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following method of stock evaluation tries to predict the future movement of a stock based on past data?
► Trend analysis
► Fundamental analysis
► Horizontal analysis
► Vertical analysis
Question No: 39 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
In which of the following situations a project is acceptable?
► When a project has conventional cash flows patterns
► When a project has a non-conventional cash flow pattern
► When a project has a discounted rate higher than the inflation rate
► When a project has a positive net present value
Question No: 40 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following could be used to calculate the cost of common equity?
► Interpolation method
► Dividend discount model
► YTM (Yield-to-Maturity) method
► Capital structure valuation
Question No: 41 ( Marks: 5 )
How market interest affects value of a bond? Explain briefly.
Market Interest Rate and Value of Bond: The market interest rate considers following in valuation of bond
- Risk free return
- Expected inflation
- Associated risk
Risk free interest: This is the real interest paid on risk free securities. In reality no such assets exit which are risk free but govt. T-Bills are considered to be risk free and the return on this is taken as benchmark for calculating market interest rate.
Expected Inflation: The rational investors also consider the rate of inflation. Inflation actually affects the purchasing power so the rational investors are also interested in calculating real interest rate which takes into account the inflationary effects. Greater the inflation higher inflationary premium is demanded.
The real and nominal interest rates are related by following relation:
Real interest rate = nominal rate – expected inflation
Associated Risk: Risk is an important factor which affects market rates. Greater the risk greater return is demanded.
Question No: 42 ( Marks: 5 )
How does probability analysis assist to evaluate the financial feasibility of a project?
Probability Analysis: Probability analysis is an evaluation technique in which expected cash flows are calculated and probabilities are attached to it. Expected cash flows can be estimated by recognizing several outcomes. Two extreme cases worst and best are defined then probabilities are attached to each of outcomes and final expected return is calculated. But assigning the probabilities to the outcomes is highly subjective matter which is a drawback of this method.