Question No: 1 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following is a transaction of a primary financial market?
► Initial Public Offering
► Buying Mutual Funds Certificates
► Selling old shares
► Buying Bonds issued in previous years
The methods by which the primary market transactions carried out are –
- Purchasing Initial Public Offer 2.Purchasing Preferential Issue 3.Purchasing Rights Issue
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Last year ABC Company had a 9.00% net profit margin based on Rs.22,000,000 in sales and Rs.15,000,000 of total assets. During the coming year, the president has set a goal of attaining a 14% return on total assets. How much must firm sales equal, other things being the same, for the goal to be achieved?
net income =22000000*9%= 1980000
return on total assets = net income / total assets
2200000/0.132*.14 = 23,333,333
Question No: 3 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
If you want to earn 8 percent, approximately how much should you pay for a security which matures in one year at Rs. 1,000?
► Rs. 1,080
► Rs. 940
► Rs. 920
► Rs. 926
Fv= pv (1+i)n
1000 = (1+0.08)1
PV = 1000/ 1.08
= 925.9 = 926
Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following statements describes the term structure of interest rates?
► Term structure of interest rates refers to the relationship between yield and rating, for securities with the same maturity.
► Term structure of interest rates refers to the relationship between yield and marketability, for securities with the same tax status.
► Term structure of interest rates refers to the relationship between yield and maturity, for the same security class.
► Term structure of interest rates refers to the relationship between yield and risk, for securities with the same maturity.
A yield curve depicts yield differences, or yield spreads, that are due solely to differences in maturity. It therefore conveys the overall relationship that prevails at a given time in the marketplace between bond interest rates and maturities. This relationship between yields and maturities is known as the term structure of interest rates.
Question No: 5 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
A Company’s common stock is currently selling at Rs.3.00 per share, its quarterly dividend is Rs.0.07, and the stock is expected to rise to Rs.3.30 in a year. What is its expected rate of return?
.07*4 = .28 + .30 = .58
58 / 3 = .1933= 19.33%
Question No: 6 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
For a firm with a Degree of Operating Leverage of 3.5, an increase in sales of 6% will:
► Increase pre-tax profits by 3.5%
► Decrease pre-tax profits by 3.5%.
► Increase pre-tax profits by 21.0%.
► Increase pre-tax profits by 1.71%.
3.5 * 6% = 21.0%
Question No: 7 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following best illustrates the problem imposed by capital rationing?
► Accepting projects with the highest NPVs first
► Accepting projects with the highest IRRs first
► By passing projects that have positive NPVs
► Bypassing projects that have positive IRRs
Question No: 8 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following is determined by variance of an investment’s returns?
► Volatility of the rates of return.
► Probability of a negative return.
► Historic return over long periods.
► Average value of the investment.
The variance essentially measures the average squared difference between the actual returns and the average return.
Question No: 9 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following conditions, if exist, will make the diversification of stocks more effective?
► Securities contained in a portfolio are positively correlated
► Securities contained in a portfolio are negatively correlated
► Securities contained in a portfolio have high market values
► Securities contained in a portfolio have low market values
Page 50 Diversification will allow for the same portfolio return with reduced risk. For diversification to work the component assets must not be perfectly correlated, i.e. correlation coefficient not equal to 1.
Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Suppose a stock is selling today for Rs.35 per share. At the end of the year, it pays a dividend of Rs.2.00 per share and sells for Rs.39.00. What is the dividend yield on this stock?
Dividend yield = Annual dividends per share / market price per share
= 2 / 39 = 0.057 = 5%
Question No: 11 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following statements applies to Security Market Line (SML)?
► Security Market Line (SML) shows the relationship between expected rate of return and required rate of return of a security.
► Security Market Line (SML) shows the relationship between Beta and market value of a security.
► Security Market Line (SML) shows the relationship between required rate of return and beta coefficient of a security. (pg52)
► Security Market Line (SML) shows the relationship between Market value and face value of a security.
Page 52 Securities Market Line
The relationship between Beta & required return is plotted on the securities market line (SML) which shows expected return as a function of β. The intercept is the risk-free rate available for the market,
Question No: 12 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following is known as market portfolio?
► A portfolio consists of all risk free securities available in the market
► A portfolio consists of securities of the same industry
► A portfolio consists of all aggressive securities available in the market
► A portfolio consists of all securities available in the market (PG51)
Question No: 13 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
A firm had an interest expense of Rs.400,000 on its outstanding debt during the financial year 2006-2007. If the firm marginal tax rate is 40%, what was the total tax savings of the firm during the period 2006-2007?
► Rs.150, 000
► Rs.160, 000
► Rs.170, 000
► Rs.180, 000
Question No: 14 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
A Pure Play method of selecting a discount rate is most suitable in which of the following situations?
► When the intended investment project has a Non-conventional stream of cash flows
► When the intended investment project is a replacement project
►When the intended investment project belongs to industry other than the firms operating in
► When the intended investment project has a conventional stream of cash flows
Question No: 15 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding an Un-levered firm?
► Its Return on Equity is equal to Return on Assets
► Its Return on Equity is equal to Return on Investment
► Its Return on Equity is equal to Return on Sales
► Its Return on Equity is equal to Return on Non-fixed Assets
Question No: 16 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following is the principal advantage of high debt financing?
► Tax savings
► Low Bankruptcy costs
► Minimum financial risk
► Low financial leverage
Question No: 17 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following is the main objective of a Residual Dividend Policy?
► To use internal resources for investment in projects and business operations
► To pay a fixed amount of Dividend to shareholders of the firm
► To maintain a constant payout ratio
► To stabilize Dividend per share
Question No: 18 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following methods would be most suitable for calculating the return on stocks of a non-listed company?
► Dividend Growth Model
► Capital Asset Pricing Model
► Security Market Line
► Characteristics Line
Question No: 19 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
What will be the effect of reduction in the cost of capital on the accounting break-even level of revenues?
► It raises the break-even level.
► It reduces the break-even level.
► It has no effect on the break-even level.
► This cannot be determined without knowing the length of the investment horizon.
Question No: 20 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following are the primary sources of capital to the firm?
► Net income, Retained earnings and Bank loans
► Bonds, Preferred stock and Common stock
► Operating profits, extraordinary gains and Dividends
► Amortization cash flow, Net income and Retained earnings
Question No: 21 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Suppose you invested Rs. 8,000 in a savings account paying 5 percent interest a year, compounded annually. How much amount your account will have at the end the end of four years?
► Rs.10, 208
► Rs.9, 728
► Rs.10, 880
► Rs.9, 624
8000(1.05)4 = 9,724
Question No: 22 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following refers to an analysis of financial statements where all balance sheet or income statement figures for a base year equal 100.0 and financial statement items for subsequent years are expressed as percentages of the base year values?
► Common-size analysis
► Ratio analysis
► Index analysis
► Technical analysis
Question No: 23 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which of the following is more appropriate to use while comparing investment alternatives with different compounding periods?
► Quoted Interest Rate
► Annual Percentage Rate
► Effective Annual Interest Rate
► Nominal Interest Rate
Question No: 24 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
ABC Company will pay a dividend of Rs.2.40 per share at the end of this year. Its dividend yield is 8%. At what price is the stock selling?
selling price = 2.40 / 0.08 = 30
Question No: 25 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
Which one of the following costs should be ignored while evaluating the financial viability of a project?
► Initial cost
► Equipment cost
► Cost of capital
► Sunk cost
Question No: 26 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
In which of the following situations a project is acceptable?
► When a project has conventional cash flows patterns
► When a project has a non-conventional cash flow pattern
► When a project has a discounted rate higher than the inflation rate
► When a project has a positive net present value
Question No: 27 ( Marks: 1 ) – Please choose one
Which of the following capital budgeting methods states the project return as a percentage?
► Payback period
► Net present value
► Internal Rate of Return
► None of the given options
Internal Rate of Return is always quoted in terms of percentage which makes it comparable to the other market interest rates or the inflation rate
Question No: 28 (Marks: 1) – Please choose one
What is the Net Present Value (NPV) of a project that costs Rs.100,000 and returns Rs.45,000 annually for three years if the opportunity cost of capital is 14%?
► Rs.16, 100.00
► Rs.35, 000.00
► Rs.3, 397.57
► Rs.4, 473.44
39473+ 34626 +30374
104473-100000 = 4473
Q: In 2 years you are to receive $10,000. If the interest rate were to suddenly decrease, the present value of that future amount to you would __________.
As the interest rate falls, this increases the value today. Thus, the PV of $10,000 when rates fall from 8% to 6% will increase from $8,573 to $8,900 for example.
Question No: 29 (Marks: 3)
How stable dividend policy could increase the marketability of a firm’s shares?
Stable dividend per share: look favorably by investors and implies low risk firm. it increases the marketability of firm’s share. Cash flow can be planned as dividend amount can be ascertained with accuracy (aid in financial planning)
Question No: 30 (Marks: 3)
Differentiate between the single period capital rationing and multi-period capital rationing.
Single period capital rationing
It is a situation where the company has limited amounts of funds in one investment period only. After that period, the company can access funds from various sources, e.g. issuing shares, borrowing from banks or issuing bonds.
Multi-period capital rationing.
When capital is in limited availability in more than one period and selection of projects cannot be made by ranking projects according to PI, this situation is known as multi-period capital rationing.
Question No: 31 (Marks: 5)
In the year ending January 2008, Wal-Mart paid out Rs.1,326 million as debt interest. How much more tax would Wal-Mart have paid if the firm had been entirely financed by equity? What would be the present value of Wal-Mart’s interest tax shield if the company planned to keep its borrowing permanently at the 2008 level? Assume an interest rate of 8% and a corporate tax rate of 35%.
More tax in case of entirely finance by equity
1326 million *35/100 =464 million
Present value of interest = 1326 million /1 .08
Question No: 32 ( Marks: 5 )
Suppose you are a capital budgeting manager of a company. For current year you have a total capital budget of Rs.6,000,000. Following are given the projects available for investment:
Initial Investment (millions)
Annual Cash flows (millions)
Project Life (years)
Which project(s) should be selected for investment with in the given budget?
NPV = -Io + CF1/(1+r)t + CF2/(1+r)t + CF3/(1+r)t
NPV = – 3000000 + 1000000/(1+0.1)1 + 1000000/(1+0.1)2 + 1000000/(1+0.1)3 + 1000000/(1+0.1)4 +1 000000/(1+0.1)5
NPV = – 3000000 + 909090.9091 + 826446.281 + 751314.8009 + 683013.4554 + 620921.3231
NPV = – 3000000 + 3790786.769
NPV = 790768.7695
NPV = -Io + CF1/(1+r)t + CF2/(1+r)t + CF3/(1+r)t
NPV = – 3000000 + 1500000/(1+0.08)1 + 1500000/(1+0.08)2 + 1500000/(1+0.08)3
NPV = – 3000000 + 1388888.889 + 1286008.23 + 1190748.362
NPV = – 3000000 + 3865645.481
NPV = 865645.4805
NPV = -Io + CF1/(1+r)t + CF2/(1+r)t + CF3/(1+r)t
NPV = – 3000000 + 1000000/(1+0.12)1 + 1000000/(1+0.12)2 + 1000000/(1+0.12)3 + 1000000/(1+0.12)4 +1000000/(1+0.12)5 + 1000000/(1+0.12)6
NPV = – 3000000 + 892857.1429 + 797193.8776 + 711780.2478 + 635518.0784 + 567426.8557 + 506631.1212
NPV = – 3000000 + 4111407.324
NPV = 1111407.324